The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. Ispaghula consists of dried seeds of Plantago ovata Forskal, belonging to family Plantaginaece. It is a short-lived plant and stays alive for 130 days. It is indigenous to almost every region of the world. Plantain, also known as broadleaf plantain (Plantago major), is native to Europe and certain parts of Asia.This perennial plant produces greenish … Seed is broadcast at 5.5 to 8.25 kg/hectare (5 to 7.5 lb/acre) in India. The fields are generally irrigated prior to seeding to achieve ideal soil moisture, to enhance seed soil contact, and to avoid burying the seed too deeply as a result of later irrigations or rainfall. [13], Fiber generally has few side effects. The term mucilage describes a group of clear, colorless, gelling agents derived from plants. Emerging seedlings are frost sensitive; therefore, planting should be delayed until conditions are expected to remain frost free. Land Preparation: By ploughing and harrowing bring the […] 31. The name is a combination of the Greek word for change (meta) and the class of fiber that it utilizes (mucilage). In its early years, Metamucil achieved sporadic drug-store distribution as a “behind the counter” brand detailed primarily to doctors and pharmacists. Climate: Isabgol is a rabi crop; and needs cool and dry weather during growth period. Different electronic databases (Medline, Science Direct, Springer link, Pubmed, Google and Google Scholar) were analyzed for the literature on medicinal properties of Plantago ovata. Psyllium /ˈsɪliəm/, or ispaghula (isabgol) /ˌɪspəˈɡuːlə/, is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago whose seeds are used commercially for the production of mucilage. Psyllium is mainly used as a dietary fiber to relieve symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and occasionally as a food thickener. The genus Plantago contains over 200 species. PSYLLIUM PLANT. Plantago asiatica belongs to Subg. Its seeds are tiny, with each small plant producing up to 15,000 at a time. Isabgol is the common name in India for P. ovata. Plantago is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. Ribwort In India, it is cultivated as a cash crop in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and ---Description---The corolla gives attachment to four protruded stamina, ovary free with one or two cells, containing one or more ovules.The style capillar, terminated by a single subulate stigma. The plants from which the seeds are extracted tolerate dry and cool climates and are mainly cultivated in northern India. Plantago ovata might be an introduced US species, as it is most widespread across Asia. [10] The findings were later confirmed in a meta-analysis that incorporated more evidence. R. Masood, M. Miraftab, in Medical and Healthcare Textiles, 2010. Plantago, a genus in the family Plantaginaceae (order Lamiales) with about 265 species. [4] Use of psyllium for a month or longer produces a small reduction in systolic blood pressure.[5]. [6], Species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, "Plantago ovata in Flora of China @ efloras.org", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago_ovata&oldid=992936274, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 22:23. Desert Indianwheat plants (Plantago ovata) are annuals which grow wild like weeds. 2004 Aug 2;339(11):2009–17. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 22:24. Upon absorbing water, the clear, colorless, mucilaginous gel that forms increases in volume by tenfold or more. 101.81 Health claims: Soluble fiber from certain foods and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), "Small Bowel Obstruction Secondary to a Metamucil Bezoar: Case Report and Review of the Literature", "Metamucil oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing – WebMD", "Metamucil Orange Coarse Milled Original Texture MSDS", "P&G Acquisition Of Searle Otc Brands Complements Rich-Vicks, "Made In Arizona: Valley factory makes Metamucil for shipping around the world", "Agglomerated psyllium husk containing edible acid". BACKGROUND: The seeds of Plantago ovata (psyllium, ispaghula) used in the manufacture of bulk laxatives are known to be the cause of occupational allergy (rhinitis, asthma) in health care and pharmaceutical workers. Plantago ovata is an economically and medicinally important plant of the family Plantaginaceae. Plantago ovata Forsk. Leaves are opposite, linear or linear lanceolate 1 cm × 19 cm (0.39 in × 7.48 in). Family: Plantaginaceae Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status: AK I,N CAN I,N GL I,N HI I,N L48 I,N,W PB I PR I SPM I,N VI I: Data Source and Documentation ... Plantago ovata desert Indianwheat Plantago pachyphylla Maui plantain Plantago patagonica woolly plantain Plantago princeps ale Plantago … P. ovata and P. psyllium are produced commercially in several European countries, the former Soviet Union and India. Plantago-seed mucilage is often referred to as husk, or psyllium husk. Psyllium is produced mainly for its mucilage content. The husks of these seeds are rich in soluble fiber -- cellulose-like polysaccharides that absorb water and bind it up in a soft gel. Medicinal Properties: Seeds: laxative, demulcent, emolient, astringent, cooling, diuretic. It is manufactured in Phoenix, Arizona, by Procter & Gamble[25]. Aegypt.-Arab. Flowers are numerous, small, and white. [18] Psyllium may act as a potent inhalant allergen capable of eliciting asthma symptoms. In India, mature plants are cut 15 cm above the ground and then bound, left for a few days to dry, thrashed, and winnowed. It originated in Mediterranean Europe, Africa, Pakistan, Canary Islands, and is widely cultivated as a major seasonal and commercial crop in American, South Asian, and European countries. 31 1775. The greater plantain (Plantago major) provides seed spikes for bird food. [22], The soluble fiber in psyllium is the polysaccharide heteroxylan, a hemicellulose.[23]. Plantago ovata belongs to family Plantaginaceae. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The seeds are enclosed in capsules that open at maturity. [20] Pharmaceutical manufacturing employees who have been exposed to psyllium during the processing have developed occupational asthma and IgE sensitization. Psyllium is an herb known to botanists as Plantago ovata. Seed produced from P. ovata is known in trading circles as white or blonde psyllium, Indian plantago, or isabgol. The two sub kingdoms were cryptogams and phanerogams. Plantago ovata is a ANNUAL. Flavored versions were added in 1979. belonging to the family Plantaginaceae is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region specially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. India dominates the world market in the production and export of psyllium. Plantago ovata Forssk. In Arizonan trials, seeding rates of 22 to 27.5 kg/ha (20 to 25 lb/acre) resulted in stands of 1 plant/25mm (1 inch) in 15 cm (6 inch) rows produced excellent yields. White grubs and aphids are the hulls, or isabgol about 30-40cms and requires dry sunny weather for its to! Is broadcast at 5.5 to 8.25 kg/hectare ( 5 to 7.5 lb/acre ) in India it! & Company,, the brand was also marketed to consumers via print and TV and... Plant producing up to 15,000 at a seeding depth of 6 mm ( in! 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